medication to achieve. A combined treatment for atopic dermatitis that addresses both mental issues - helping the patient relax and relieve stress that promotes disease - as well as lifestyle change can help. In addition to skin care, nutrition plays an important role here - in the development of atopic dermatitis as well as in therapy.
Prevention is better than cure
Especially parents who are themselves neurodermatitis or allergic or even parents who already have a child with allergies , should take preventive measures against eczema (endogenous eczema).
The mother can make the most important contribution to the prevention of children at risk of developing anodermatitis by breastfeeding their baby. The neonatal intestinal mucosa is more permeable to allergens than that of an adult, which makes allergies easy, especially in the first few months of life, when the infant is exposed to many "foreign" proteins. For this reason, mothers of children at risk of developing neurodermatitis should exclusively breast-feed for four to six months. However, there are indications that sometimes even breast milk can pass on allergenic proteins to the baby.
For this reason, a low-allergen diet of the mother may help in lactation, to prevent atopic dermatitis or atopic dermatitis. Allergy-causing foods are:
However, this should only be done in consultation with the doctor and taking into account the nutritional needs of the mother and child. If necessary, iodine and calcium supplements should be administered, for example, to prevent deficiency symptoms.
Atopic dermatitis: prevention during lactation
If the mother can not breastfeed, she should (if it is only for a short period of time) freeze pumped breast milk or, if she can not breastfeed for a long time, use hypoallergenic baby food (HA on the packaging). This is mostly made of cow's milk protein, which is broken down into its building blocks, the amino acids and thus less allergenic than infant formulas from conventional cow's milk or soy protein.
From the fourth to the sixth month, the introduction of complementary food can begin. Here is a simple rule: Every week try a maximum of a new food , which is first given peeled and cooked. If it comes to symptoms of atopic dermatitis, the last "tried" food is again omitted until the symptoms subsided.
In the first year of life, foods with a high allergenic potency should also be left out altogether, for example
If the disease has already occurred
There is no special diet for atopic dermatitis. Only foods that have been shown to cause intolerance reactions to the particular eczema patient should be omitted. Rigid dietary requirements (for example, completely without animal protein) can lead to deficiency symptoms and have irreversible consequences, especially in children.
Eczema: detecting causes
In order to find out which foods are not tolerated in connection with atopic dermatitis (endogenous eczema), the doctor can perform various tests:
On the one hand, there are skin tests, such as the prick test, in which a drop of allergen solution is applied to the skin of the forearm and pierced at this point with a needle. In the rub test , a fresh food is rubbed on the skin of the forearm.
On the other hand there are laboratory medical examinations in blood and urine, which can give indications of possible food allergies.
Unfortunately, none of these tests are 100 percent reliable, which is why patients usually have to try for themselves what they get and what they do not. Search diets can be performed in collaboration with a doctor and a dietician to find the food-causing conditions associated with atopic dermatitis.
Eczema: What else can help
In many patients, the use of evening primrose or borage oil may improve the symptoms of atopic dermatitis. These oils contain gamma-linolenic acid, which can be beneficial to the disease. In contrast, studies have not been able to clearly prove that the administration of fish oil in atopic dermatitis (atopic dermatitis) helps.
The diet for atopic dermatitis should be balanced with all foods that are tolerated. This means (if these foods do not trigger allergies) if possible daily dairy products, many whole grains, vegetables and fruits, fish once or twice a week fish and no more than two to three times a week meat and sausages. Vegetable fats with polyunsaturated fatty acids should preferably be consumed (for example, sunflower oil or olive oil).
Foods whose composition is not well known should be better avoided. If fruits and vegetables are not well tolerated, short dousing may increase the tolerability of atopic dermatitis.